A definition of hosting
As its name denotes, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting web content. There are different forms and types of hosting, based on the purpose and on the usage. Yet, they all entail hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available throughout the Internet. A web host is actually a server that is linked to the Web and has its own personal Internet Protocol address, which allows users to have access to it via the World Wide Web. The web hosting server's architecture and its limitations are dependent on the form of hosting solution it will be utilized for.
What are the different types of hosting?
Based on the purpose, the hosting service may be:
File Storage Hosting - this form of web hosting permits the customers to keep their files on a given web server. With the common file storage web hosting service, the files that are saved may only be accessed by the user that's availing of the service. This hosting service mainly appertains to backups of computers , docs, private files and even other hosting servers. This solution may also impose certain restrictions in relation to the disk storage and the root-level access. There may also be traffic quota limitations, but that is dependent on the given hosting service provider.
Warez Web Hosting - the so-called warez hosting solution is resembling the previous web hosting service form. Even so, unlike the file hosting service, the warez hosting solution is utilized for distributing licensed materials without the permission of the copyright possessor. In short - it appertains to the unlawful dissemination of files and documents. There are a lot of ways for this to be fulfilled, but the 2 main ways are - through simple Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through peer-to-peer connections. The first method entails either a particular site, or, most commonly, just a directory on a web server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thereby download licensed files free of cost. The second approach entails a P2P connection, making use of the so-called Torrent servers, via which people transmit files between each other. There aren't many webspace hosting providers that permit that type of web hosting on their hosting servers, mostly because of all the legal predicaments that it involves. Commonly such web portals are hosted on private dedicated hosting servers that are registered by third-party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Email Hosting - this service is applicable with both shared web site hosting and dedicated web hosting servers, based on the customer's intention. If you desire to establish your own personal SMTP server, then you will require either a virtual server or a dedicated web hosting server that offers the level of access required to complete such a task. For routine mail hosting ends, though, you can utilize a simple shared web hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain. This is not a solution that's widely famous, since the web hosting and the e-mail hosting services are being served by 2 different servers, usually belonging to different hosts.
Site Hosting - the most widely spread and widely utilized hosting service as of today. It's used for hosting website files, whose type is dependent on the Operating System the web hosting server is using - Linux or Windows. Different sorts of files request specific web server OSs, or else they won't be shown correctly on the Web. This type of hosting may contain web storage and web traffic limits, root-level access and CPU usage limits.
Based on the purpose and on the objectives, the user should choose the kind of hosting server that he demands for his project, and, of course, the site hosting vendor that's going to furnish it. There are various types of web servers, depending on the configuration and the website hosting services that they offer. These are:
Shared Web Hosting Server - a shared web hosting server offers a smaller quantity of resources, which, of course, is manifested in the cost of the service. It can be used for hosting small and medium sized web sites, which do not require enormous quotas of server space and traffic.
Semi-Dedicated - they function on the same principle as the shared web site hosting servers. Still, there are much less clients accommodated on the same hosting server. For that reason, each of them will obtain a greater quota of the web server's resources like RAM, disk storage, bandwidth and CPU. Perfect for hosting enormous web pages that do not need server root access.
Virtual Private Server - the Virtual Private Servers are perfect for middle size web portals, which do need root-level access to the web server's configuration files. Traditionally, there are a handful of Virtual Private Server web hosting accounts sharing the same physical server. Even so, each of them is independent from the other ones and runs its own OS.
Dedicated Server - a completely dedicated web server configured and accessed by you and only you. It guarantees a big amount of system resources. It also offers full root access, which renders it an ideal solution for any sort of site that demands a site hosting solution.
The sole question that's left is:
Which web space hosting supplier should I select?
As already stated, there are very few providers offering warez web hosting services because of judicial complications. Such hosting providers are being closed down virtually every month. That is why, if you desire to run such a service, you should do it on your own computer. The shared site hosting solution is the most popular kind of hosting service. Therefore, each hosting vendor provides it. Not all of them, though, offer services such as virtual hosting servers, semi-dedicated hosting servers and dedicated web hosting servers. Most of the smaller webspace hosting suppliers do not have the resources needed for maintaining those services. Hence it's invariably best to pick a bigger web host that can provide its customers with all the solutions that they request. You can easily identify such web hosts by the kinds of solutions that they are providing and by the manner in which they introduce them to the clients. For instance, some web hosts allow you to commence with a low-end site hosting package and then move to a more advanced one, if you consider it obligatory to do so. This is very convenient, because you do not need to move web sites between hosting servers and there is no possibility of facing service downtime because of all the predicaments that may take place. Hosting companies such as HD Web Hosting offer all types of services and have the adequate web server resources and personnel to assure that their clients will not experience any complications when changing services, which is what a top hosting provider is actually all about.